O. Henry - 4th Century Karia. Defining a Karian identity under the Hekatomnids Varia Anatolica XXVIII

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Olivier Henry (ed.) 4th Century Karia. Defining a Karian identity under the Hekatomnids, Varia Anatolica XXVIII, Istanbul, Paris, IFEA - De Boccard 2013 ISBN 978-2-36245-008-2

The origins, identity and political behaviors of the Karians remain the subject of intense discussion among specialists. The political organization of Western Asia Minor during the 4th century BC offers an opportunity to explore such questions; it was during this period that local dynasts, the Hekatomnids, reached a position of authority in the region that allowed them to fully express their political ambitions and to promote their own material culture.

Analyses of various aspects of this material culture have led scholars to describe the Hekatomnids in very different ways. They have been portrayed both as Persian dynasts and Proto-Hellenistic Kings, although they were neither Greek nor Persian. This ambiguity is the result of attempts to approach the cultural identity of 4th century Karia in the light of the cultural power of its neighbors, rather than as the result of an intricate process of cultural interaction that included both local traditions and foreign borrowings.

Hekatomnid Karia is representative of the complex phenomenon of hybrid cultures that would later flourish in the Hellenistic World. Gathering specialists on Karian research, each offering a different approach, this book aims to cover a wide number of sources, from archaeological to geographical and historical. The collection of essays provides an interdisciplinary perspective, intended to revitalize discussions of the cultural dynamics relevant to 4th century Karia.


Olivier Henry, Introduction 5
Paavo Roos, Reflections on border and identity 9
Ignasi-Xavier Adiego, Carian identity and Carian language 15
Diether Schürr, Kaunisch-Karisches in Krya: Revision der Grabinschrift und Vergleiche 21
Poul Pedersen, The 4th century BC 'Ionian Renaissance' and Karian identity 33
Lars Karlsson, Combining architectural orders at Labraunda: a political statement 65
Olivier Henry, A Tribute to the Ionian Renaissance 81
Raymond Descat, Mylasa, les dieux et le village carien au 4e s. aC : retour sur I. Mylasa 11. 91
Koray Konuk, Coinage and Identities under the Hekatomnids 101
Pierre Debord, Zeus Pigindenos 123
Gabriele Bockisch (f ), Peter Ruggendorfer and Lilli Zabrana, Temple and altars for Greek and Carian gods. New evidence for religious life in Alinda during the late Classical and Hellenistic Period 129
Francesca Curti, Alessandra Parrini, Iasos: importazioni di ceramica attica figurata nel V e nel IV sec. aC. 163
Damien Aubriet, Mylasa et l'identité carienne 189
Anne Marie Carstens, Karian identity - a Game of opportunistic politics or a case of creolisation? 209