28
Jan
2021

Frontières, espaces et identités: la modification ou le maintien du sentiment d’appartenance chez les migrants en Turquie, en France et en Autriche

28/01/2021 6:00 pm -7:30 pm
Zoom meeting
Frontières, espaces et identités: la modification ou le maintien du sentiment d’appartenance chez les migrants en Turquie, en  France et en Autriche

Séminaire « enjeux actuels des migrations »
Organisé par l’Axe AMiMo de l'IFEA en collaboration avec l’Association pour les recherches sur les migrations (GAR)

Dans le cadre de la série de séminaires “enjeux actuels des migrations”, la conférence du mois de janvier 2021 sera tenue par Mustafa Poyraz et Şükrü Aslan qui aborderont les questions de migration, de diversité sociale et d'identité. Le séminaire est organisé dans le cadre de la parution du livre Aidiyet, Göçmen ve Toplumsal Çeşitlilik dont Mustafa Poyraz est l’éditeur et dont de nombreux auteurs ont contribué à sa réalisation. Şükrü Aslan, analysera les divers aspects de la construction identitaire des Turcs alevis ayant gagné le droit à la citoyenneté dans la région de Tirol en Autriche,  leur « nouvelle patrie ». Il évoquera notamment leur inclusion et leur exclusion du système dans ce processus.

Mustafa Poyraz a réalisé ses études en Licence et en Master à l'université Paris 8. Il est titulaire d’un doctorat à l'université Evry Val d'Essonne dont le sujet est la problématique de l'espace et le renouveau des relations sociales en banlieue parisienne. Ses travaux de recherches portent sur les processus de socialisation, l'espace et la diversité culturelle dont il a réalisé plusieurs études comparatives entre la banlieue parisienne et stambouliote à travers diverses publications. Pendant de nombreuses années, il a donné des conférences sur la pauvreté aux périphéries des villes, les dynamiques des politiques sociales et les mouvements sociaux aux universités de Paris 8, Paris 5 et Evry Val d'Essonne. Il est actuellement maître de conférences au département de sociologie de l'université de commerce d'Istanbul (İTÜ) et il enseigne également à l'université de Paris.

 
Şükrü Aslan a obtenu sa Licence en sociologie à l’université militaire de la défense nationale (MSÜ) à Istanbul. Il a obtenu sa Maîtrise dans la même université à l'institut des sciences sociales avec pour thème de recherche les secteurs informels urbains. Il est titulaire d’un doctorat sur les luttes sociales et la ville. Ses recherches portent sur la sociologie urbaine, les migrations et l’ethnicité. Aslan est l’auteur ou le coéditeur d’une quinzaine de livres publiés en turc, anglais et en français. Au cours de l'année universitaire 2018/2019, il a travaillé en tant que professeur invité à l'Institut des Migrations et de l'Education de l'université d'Innsbruck en Autriche. Il a rédigé de nombreux articles dans la littérature tuque et internationale dans le domaine de la sociologie urbaine, des migrations et de l'ethnicité. Il est actuellement maître de conférences au département de sociologie de l'université des beaux-arts Mimar Sinan.

Interventions en turc

 

01
Fév
2021

The Coal Heavers’ Strike in Istanbul (1910): A Case Study in the Politics of the Constitutional Period

01/02/2021 6:00 pm
Zoom meeting
The Coal Heavers’ Strike in Istanbul (1910): A Case Study in the Politics of the Constitutional Period

Yaşar Tolga Cora (Boğaziçi University)

In the autumn of 1910, coal heavers in Istanbul, more than a thousand men, predominantly Kurdish, went on strike. Disrupting sea transportation in the capital and leading to the unlawful police detainment of ringleaders, the strike turned into a major incident that elicited a variety of political responses. Focusing on this strike as a case study, this presentation examines the political sphere in general and the politics of labor activism in particular as they existed at the turn of the twentieth century in the Ottoman Empire.

The presentation will first reconstruct the history of the strike through sources produced by a variety of state and non-state actors. Approaching the strike as a field of contestation in which various actors were pitted against one another, it will address not only the specific labor issues involved but also broader problems in Ottoman society that the strike made visible, including those of political economy, freedom of expression, and intercommunal relations. Thus this presentation aims to contribute to recent discussions about why, in an age in which coal was a driver of the global economy, labor activism in the coal sector did not turn into a broader democratic movement in the Ottoman Empire.

As a second goal, following various scholars’ calls in recent decades for the issue to be brought into the study of labor history, the presentation seeks to examine the central role that ethnicity played in the labor activism of the Second Constitutional Period, both in discourse and in politics on the ground. It thus aims to address broader historiographical concerns, particularly the challenge of writing about the working classes who went largely unrepresented in urban politics and the limits such lack of representation places on our ability to understand the wider politics of the era.

Intervention en anglais

08
Fév
2021

Présentation d'ouvrage: " Le théâtre du patrimoine. L'artisan, le maire et le touriste à Istanbul "

08/02/2021 6:00 pm
Zoom meeting
Présentation d'ouvrage: " Le théâtre du patrimoine. L'artisan, le maire et le touriste à Istanbul "

Muriel Girard (Marsilya Mimarlık Okulu) 

Quel rapport entre un artisan, un touriste et son guide, et un maire ? Tous sont des acteurs de la scène patrimoniale, dont la péninsule historique d’Istanbul constitue ici le cadre. L’étude de ce qui s’y joue, entre tourisme, pratiques artisanales et patrimonialisation, éclaire d’un jour nouveau les logiques du changement social et des mutations urbaines.
Croisant entretiens, observations, cartographie et sources écrites, les enquêtes de terrain révèlent en effet les diverses manières, parfois contradictoires, de catégoriser l’artisanat, ainsi que les multiples recompositions sociales, spatiales et identitaires qui en résultent.
Invitant les artisans, d’ordinaire silencieux, à prendre la parole, ce livre leur donne une place comme acteurs de la cité, et offre ainsi une approche originale de la fabrique du patrimoine dans la ville.

Intervention en français

 

10
Fév
2021

Turkey and Russia

10/02/2021 6:00 pm
Zoom meeting

Mitat Celikpala (Kadir Has University) and Evren Balta (Özyeğin University)

Since Recep Tayyip Erdogan became President of Turkey in 2014, and in particular since the July 15, 2016 military coup attempt, Turkish foreign policy appears to have been in a state of change. The “New Turkish Foreign Policy” seems to have three main dimensions: There has been a marked rapprochement between Turkey and Eastern powers, first and foremost Russia. At the same time, Turkey and many of its Western allies have moved apart, resulting in recurring diplomatic conflicts and crises. Deteriorating relations with the United States and leading European nations such as Germany, and France stand out in this context. Finally, Ankara has taken a much more independent and proactive role in its own Middle Eastern neighborhood, including the deployment of military forces to Syria and Iraq. These developments have heightened an already ongoing debate on whether a more fundamental change is taking place in Turkish foreign policy. The cycle of seminar or lectures organized conjointly by Kadir Has University and IFEA is to discuss how and why foreign policy has changed under President Erdogan, and if the changes also signify a shift in Turkey’s overall international orientation—i.e., away from the transatlantic community.

Interventions en anglais

15
Fév
2021

Scholar-Bureaucrats and the Making of the Early Modern Ottoman Empire: Bearers of Authority, Legitimacy, and Expertise

15/02/2021 6:00 pm
Zoom meeting

Abdurrahman Atçil (Université Sabanci)

Séance modérée par Denis Hermann (IFEA)

In the pre-modern Ottoman Empire, a large group of Muslim scholars, specialists of Islamic religious knowledge, constituted a significant branch of the Ottoman bureaucracy. In addition to participating in the transmission of religious knowledge and providing religious guidance, these scholars acted as the agents of the sultans’ government, serving as judges, financial officials, administrative investigators, diplomats, etc. They pursued a career in government service, climbing up a ladder of hierarchically organized positions with regular promotions. The functions they fulfilled and the form of their relationship with the government distinguished these scholars from their predecessors and their contemporary colleagues. They were a unique group, and deserve a unique label: “scholar-bureaucrats.”

Muslim scholars traditionally claimed the moral authority in the Islamic world and usually esteemed independence from the ruling authorities. For this reason, their incorporation into the government was a significant development. It was a gradual process and had many ups and downs and turning points. From the second half of the fifteenth century, many factors, such as the construction of largescale educational complexes, the institutionalization of the state, international developments, and scholars’ increasing desire to participate in the government, dynamically interacted and brought about the rise of the group of scholar-bureaucrats.

The special position of scholar-bureaucrats was one of the distinctive characteristics of the early modern Ottoman Empire. Scholar-bureaucrats contributed legal and administrative expertise to the Ottoman government. They also helped the Ottomans to acquire and strengthen their legitimacy. Last but not least, the presence of scholar-bureaucrats hindered the rise of a body of religious authorities, with parallel and competing claims to those of the government. 

Abdurrahman Atçıl is an associate professor of history at the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences. He received his Ph.D. degree from the University of Chicago in 2010. Before joining Sabancı University in 2020, he worked as a postdoctoral fellow at Harvard Law School and as an assistant professor and associate professor at Queens College of the City University of New York and Istanbul Şehir University.

In terms of research, Dr. Atçıl is particularly interested in questions of law, religion, and politics in the early modern Ottoman Empire. His first book, Scholars and Sultans in the Early Modern Ottoman Empire, details Muslim scholars’ transition from independent and cosmopolitan actors to scholar-bureaucrats. His other published work is devoted to addressing issues, such as the Ottoman-Safavid conflict, scholarly mobility and theology and philosophy in the Islamic legal tradition.

Dr. Atçıl is currently working on two projects: The first, funded by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey-Career Development Grant, uses social-network-analysis technologies to examine the professional and intellectual networks of over 750 high-level Ottoman scholar-bureaucrats in the period 1470–1650. The second, funded by European Research Council-Consolidator Grant, investigates the formation of law in the Ottoman Empire between 1450 and 1650. Examining the religio-legal opinions (fetva) of scholars and decrees of sultans (kanun), it aspires to develop a model of lawmaking that will account for diversity and change in early-modern societies.

Intervention en anglais

26
Fév
2021

Arab Presence in Turkey/ présences arabes en Turquie

26/02/2021 5:00 pm -7:00 pm
Zoom meeting
Arab Presence in Turkey/ présences arabes en Turquie

Seda Altuğ (The Ataturk Institute for Modern Turkish History), Philippe Bourmaud (Laboratoire de Recherche Historique Rhône-Alpes), Olof Heilo (Swedish Research Institute in Istanbul), Franck Mermier (IFEA), Alexis Wick (American University of Beirut)

Beyond the field of expertise in international relations and political science which focuses on the stakes and consequences of AKP's policy vis-à-vis the Arab region, particularly since 2011, the study of the "Arab fact" in Turkey requires the constitution of a particular "place of knowledge" to relay and develop its own dynamics. One of the characteristics of this subject study is that it subverts the boundaries of area studies by highlighting complex contextualisation processes which cannot be apprehended from a single cultural area. By bringing together several teaching and research institutions, this seminar on Arab Presence in Turkey intends to give visibility to current research, to integrate it into the wider academic debate, and to initiate a multidisciplinary dialogue between researchers.

Interventions en anglais

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